Don't let Wrinkles Get you Down

As we age our skin loses volume and begins to show wrinkles, more due to a loss of collagen and elastin, which are essential substances that keep skin firm, supple and elastic. Lines and wrinkles may make a person look older and can take attention away from their best features, while volume loss can cause sagging skin as well as unflattering hollows especially around the cheeks, jawline and temples. Wrinkles may be caused by a variety of reasons including the way we sleep. Because wrinkles are not created equal, understanding the cause means it can be easier to correct their appearance.

1. Mechanical distortion wrinkles are created while we sleep, or from the way we sleep. These wrinkles can appear on the face, neck and chest in the morning when we get up. Compression or mechanical distortion wrinkles tend to be perpendicular to expression lines, and they don’t respond significantly to animation. When we are very young these wrinkles will disappear very quickly, but as we get older they tend to stay for longer and then become permanent fixtures. The best way to treat these compression wrinkles are to sleep on your back and then the face and chest will not be squished into the pillow. If this cannot be done there are silicone patches that can be applied prior to going to bed on the facial and chest area. These will stop the wrinkle from forming and will reduce those that are already there. Failing this, often a filler can be injected to plump up the wrinkled area.
2. Expression wrinkles can be seen in the forehead as a frown, around the eyes from laughing, known as crow’s feet, and also around the mouth created from laughing. These wrinkles are caused by repeatedly making the same expressions over and over again. Most people do not want to appear expressionless, and therefore a small amount of Botox or Dysport can be injected to reduce the amount of movement in a specific area. This means you do not have to look frozen, just a little more relaxed.
3. Atrophic wrinkles are deep parallel lines on the forehead that appear when the eyebrows are furrowed. These wrinkles often make the person appear angry or worried when in actual fact they have no idea their muscles are creating this movement. With this type of wrinkle, again the use of Botox alone or in combination with a filler are the best methods of treatment. Hydration of the skin with good quality skin care can assist with reducing the appearance slightly.
4. Gravitation wrinkles often appear as saggy skin created by loss of collagen and elastin. This may be due to the natural aging process, sun damage, genetic predisposition, menopause or a combination of all of these factors. Treatments such as radio frequency, ultrasound, skin needling or a facelift may be the best solutions.
5. Elastic wrinkles appear as tiny creases on the cheeks, lips and neck. These wrinkles are formed from too much direct sunlight. The UV damage thins the skin, and fine lines, wrinkles and hyperpigmentation are the result. The best way to prevent these wrinkles from forming is to avoid the sun, wear sunscreen daily (and reapply every 2-3 hours), and use a prescribed cosmeceutical skin care programme specifically for your skin condition. Intense Pulsed Light, Fractional Lasers, Skin Microneedling and peels are the best clinical treatments for this type of wrinkle.

Facial wrinkles, lines and folds are not formed purely from the expressions that we make. While having a little wrinkle here and there tells part of the story that makes up our life, it is not necessary to have a road map criss crossing from one side of our face to the other. With a healthy life style, the blessing of good genetics, practised sun safety, the regular use of prescribed home care and a little clinical intervention our skin can be enhanced to be another of our beautiful assets to be proud of.